Phoenix Homestead Historic District

(added 1987 – Maricopa County – #87001430)
Roughly bounded by Flower & Twenty-eight Sts., Pinchot Ave., & Twenty-sixth Sts., Phoenix
(240 acres, 72 buildings)

View Larger Map
Historic Significance:
Architect, builder, or engineer:
Architectural Style:
Area of Significance:
Period of Significance:
Historic Function:
Historic Sub-function:
Current Function:
Current Sub-function:
Architecture/Engineering, Event
Evans,Robert T., De Mars,Vernon
Architecture, Commerce
Secondary Structure, Single Dwelling
Secondary Structure, Single Dwelling

The initial phase of the Phoenix Homesteads community was designed to accommodate single-family homes on standard size subsistence farm lots. Constructed of adobe, the simple homes were designed in the Pueblo Revival style. Typically, they had flat or low-pitched, tiled or slabstone roofs, irregular floor plans and wide verandas. A significant part of the building of the first phase was planting of street trees, notably the Washington Palms and Aleppo Pines which still line Pinchot Avenue today.  While you might find adobe homes here and there, this the only neighborhood in Phoenix where all every home is built of adobe.

Although the first phase was designed and developed locally, the second phase of the Phoenix Homesteads community was designed by engineers and architects employed by the Resettlement Administration. Hence, the architectural styles of tract 2 are representative of more uniform public housing which was designed to emphasize economy, uniform house plans, efficient heating and cooling, and use of low-cost local construction materials. Like the houses in the initial phase, homes in the Arizona Part-Time Farm tract are principally constructed of adobe. The Great Depression and the associated New Deal programs had a significant effect on the development of Phoenix. The Phoenix Homesteads District survives today as a tangible link with this important early influence. Of the original 60 homes built in the two phases of the project, 45 remain and are excellent examples of adobe construction.

The Phoenix Homesteads Association continues to operate today, making it the oldest continuously operating homeowners association in the Valley. Many aspects of its heritage remain, including the large lots, the towering Aleppo Pines and Washington Palms, and common area, which give the district a decidedly rural character and make it one of Phoenix’ most unique neighborhoods.

Information courtesy of Historic Preservation Office, City of Phoenix Neighborhood Services Department

Phoenix Homesteads … If you have more info, please email